Upcoming report on EU climate action – support for carbon capture and innovative renewables

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation
19/10/2018

On Tuesday 23 October 2018, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) will publish a special report on the effectiveness of EU funding to support commercial deployment of carbon capture and storage and innovative renewables.

ABOUT THE AUDIT
The ECA examined the design, management and coordination of the two dedicated EU funding programs worth almost €4 billion. The auditors assessed whether they made the progress expected in helping carbon capture and innovative renewables advance towards commercial deployment. They carried out audit visits to five Member States: Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom.
The report is expected to warn against poor achievements of EU support in terms of projects and results. The auditors are expected to single out the uncertainties in policies and rules as well as a lack of clear accountability and control. They will make a number of recommendations for improving the EU’s approach in view of the Innovation Fund to be launched in 2021.
ABOUT THE TOPIC
The EU climate and energy package for 2020 required an increased use and development of renewable energy sources and low carbon technologies. In 2009, the EU launched the European Energy Programme for Recovery with a budget of €1.6 billion to support carbon capture storage and offshore wind projects. At the same time, the EU created the New Entrants’ Reserve 300 funded by the sale of 300 million emission allowances (€2.1 billion). Both programmes set ambitious targets for carbon capture and storage and innovative renewable energy projects.

The ECA’s special reports set out the results of its audits of EU policies and programmes or management topics related to specific budgetary areas. The ECA selects and designs these audit tasks to be of maximum impact by considering the risks to performance or compliance, the level of income or spending involved, forthcoming developments and political and public interest.

Source: EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS

IPCC Presents Special Report on Limiting Global Warming to 1.5°C

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

‘Next few years are probably the most important in human history…’

 Incheon, Republic of Korea, October 8, 2018: Limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2°C could go hand in hand with ensuring a more sustainable and equitable society, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said on October 8 in a  ‘Special Report’.

The report will be the key scientific input into the coming Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December 2018, when governments review the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change. Nevertheless, limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society with clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems, the IPCC said in a new assessment.

“With more than 6,000 scientific references cited and the dedicated contribution of thousands of expert and government reviewers worldwide, this important report testifies to the breadth and policy relevance of the IPCC,” said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the IPCC. Ninety-one authors and review editors from 40 countries prepared the IPCC report in response to an invitation from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) when it adopted the Paris Agreement in 2015.

“We are already seeing the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather..”

“One of the key messages that comes out very strongly from this report is that we are already seeing the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather, rising sea levels and diminishing Arctic sea ice, among other changes,” said Panmao Zhai, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group I.

The report highlights a number of climate change impacts that could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2°C, or more. For instance, by 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower with global warming of 1.5°C compared with 2°C. The likelihood of an Arctic Ocean free of sea ice in summer would be once per century with global warming of 1.5°C, compared with at least once per decade with 2°C. Coral reefs would decline by 70-90 percent with global warming of 1.5°C, whereas virtually all (> 99 percent) would be lost with 2°C.

“Every extra bit of warming matters, especially since warming of 1.5°C or higher increases the risk associated with long-lasting or irreversible changes, such as the loss of some ecosystems,” said Hans-Otto Pörtner, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group II.

Limiting global warming would also give people and ecosystems more room to adapt and remain below relevant risk thresholds, added Pörtner. The report also examines pathways available to limit warming to 1.5°C, what it would take to achieve them and what the consequences could be. “The good news is that some of the kinds of actions that would be needed to limit global warming to 1.5°C are already underway around the world, but they would need to accelerate,” said Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Co-Chair of Working Group I.

 

Rapid transitions including the  transport sector required

The report finds that limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require “rapid and far-reaching” transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport, and cities. Global net human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would need to fall by about 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050. This means that any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air.

“Limiting warming to 1.5°C is possible within the laws of chemistry and physics but doing so would require unprecedented changes,” said Jim Skea, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group III.

The decisions we make today are critical in ensuring a safe and sustainable world for everyone, both now and in the future, said Debra Roberts, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group II.  “This report gives policymakers and practitioners the information they need to make decisions that tackle climate change while considering local context and people’s needs. The next few years are probably the most important in our history,” she said.

The IPCC is the leading world body for assessing the science related to climate change, its impacts and potential future risks, and possible response options. The report was prepared under the scientific leadership of all three IPCC working groups. Working Group I assesses the physical science basis of climate change; Working Group II addresses impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; and Working Group III deals with the mitigation of climate change.

The Paris Agreement adopted by 195 nations at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in December 2015 included the aim of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change by “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.”

The report’s full name is ‘Global Warming of 1.5°C, an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty’.
For more information, including links to the IPCC reports, go to: www.ipcc.ch

Source: IPCC

Neste and DFW Airport Collaborating to Improve Sustainability 

sustainable aviation

Partners agree on actions to combat climate change

 
Keilaranta, Dallas, June 8, 2018: Neste and Dallas Fort Worth International Airport (DFW), a global leader in airport sustainability, are collaborating in an effort to reduce air pollution, especially carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, from aircraft. Both parties share the view that environmental awareness is growing globally and actions to combat climate change are needed in aviation, the fastest growing means of transport in the world today.
“We are happy to partner up with leaders such as DFW. Together, we are examining the solutions to reduce the emissions and carbon footprint of airlines operating from DFW. Besides the use of ‘Neste MY Renewable Jet Fuel’ at DFW, we aim to work together in other solutions for decarbonizing aviation. This includes for example renewable de-icing, paints and plastics,” says Kaisa Hietala, Executive Vice President of Renewable Products business area in Neste. “We will give all our wide knowledge and expertise on sustainable renewable products to help DFW to achieve its targets.”
“Through this partnership, we hope to explore new ways of reducing the Airport’s carbon footprint and help our partners do the same,” says Robert Horton, Vice President for environmental affairs at DFW Airport. “DFW’s goal is to implement programs that proactively enhance our status as a certified Carbon Neutral airport and reduce DFW’s environmental footprint as much as possible. We believe that partnering with Neste is a step forward in accomplishing our targets in increasing sustainability and decreasing emissions in DFW operations.” DFW Airport counts more than 67 million passengers every year, elevating DFW to a status as one of the most frequently visited superhub airports in the world. Centered between its owner cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas, DFW Airport also serves as a major economic generator for the North Texas region, producing over $37 billion in economic impact each year by connecting people through business and leisure travel.
The partners are planning to explore opportunities for the use of renewable jet fuel, as well as investigate additional ways to enhance the sustainability efforts of the Airport. Also, they will investigate logistics and supply chain options to lay the groundwork for establishing a potential renewable jet fuel supply at DFW.
The aviation industry has set ambitious targets to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from air transportation, including carbon-neutral growth from 2020 and beyond, and a 50-percent reduction of net aviation CO2 emissions by 2050. Currently, sustainable renewable jet fuel offers the only viable alternative to fossil liquid fuels for powering commercial aircraft.  
sustainable aviation

DFW Airport explores the use of Neste’s renewable jet fuel to combat climate change
Photo: DFW Airport

Neste’s renewable jet fuel technology is proven. Its quality standards, aircraft engine performance, and storage stability and integrity have been tested and followed in thousands of commercial flights. ‘Neste MY Renewable Jet Fuel’ (TM) provides distinct advantages to its customers by decreasing their environmental footprint. It made from renewable and sustainable raw materials and significantly reduces life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions.
Neste is the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel refined from waste and residues, introducing  renewable solutions also to the aviation and plastics industries. In 2018, Neste placed 2nd on the Global 100 list of the most sustainable companies in the world.

Source: Neste

Neste: Business Environment Outlook Published

Climate Change Sustainable Aviation

‘Taking Action on Climate Change’ examines changes in energy and transport markets

 
Keilaranta, October 5, 2017: Neste has published a business environment outlook called Taking Action on Climate Change. It discusses key changes taking place in the energy, transport and chemicals markets. As global commitment to tackle climate change requires major efforts to reduce emissions, the use of fossil raw materials will inevitably need to decline in all of these sectors. Neste has risen to become the global leader in renewable diesel, and realizes that there is significant potential for renewable solutions not only in the road transport sector but also in aviation and the plastics industries.
 
Electric vehicles are on the way – what is Neste’s response?
Neste estimates that by 2030, approximately ten percent of the global car fleet will be electric cars. Despite the fact that electric vehicles are expected to rapidly become more common for passenger transport, Neste believes that renewable diesel will remain a competitive solution for reducing transport emissions. By 2021, renewable diesel demand is expected to have doubled in North America, the Nordic countries and Europe.
“The increase of electric cars is a good thing, because we need every possible solution to combat climate change,” says Neste’s President & CEO, Matti Lievonen. “Renewable diesel is also needed, since for the time being it’s one of the most cost-efficient ways to reduce climate emissions, and can do so by as much as 90 percent. Many cities and businesses in Finland, Sweden and also in California have opted for 100 percent Neste MY Renewable Diesel for this reason.”
To achieve Finland’s planned 50 percent emission reduction target by 2030, both biofuels and electric vehicles using emission-free power will be needed in abundance.
 
What is the future of diesel vehicles and diesel fuel?
Some major cities have announced bans or restrictions on diesel vehicles to tackle air quality problems. Due to emissions cheating, the reputation of diesel cars has suffered greatly. Neste believes that the problem of emissions from diesel vehicles can be solved, and that diesel technology will remain competitive for a long time to come.
“Engine standards are evolving, and the automotive industry is committed to important measures to achieve significantly lower tailpipe emissions. One of the ways to further reduce the heavy traffic emissions is to choose 100% biofuels, such as Neste MY Renewable Diesel,” says Lievonen.
In Europe, demand for diesel and other fuels that are classified as middle distillates is expected to grow by more than 10 million tons by 2025. One part of this growth is being driven by the increase in demand for heavy transportation and air traffic. About 70 percent of diesel use is accounted for by heavy transportation.
In the coming years, demand for middle distillates, like diesel, will also increase significantly in shipping, where the IMO’s (International Maritime Organization) global sulfur regulation, which comes into force in 2020, will limit the sulfur content in marine fuels to below 0.5 percent. This means that much of the shipping industry will switch from heavy fuel oil to low-sulfur marine fuels. Neste offers ship owners low-sulfur marine fuels that meet the new emission limits.
 
Renewable solutions for air traffic are on the way
The aviation industry, which consumes rapidly growing volumes of fuel, is also opening up to renewable jet fuels. Legislation to support this change is being developed in several regions, including the EU, Norway, and California. 
“Renewable fuels are seen as an important solution for reducing emissions from air transport. Solutions are needed because at the same time as the aviation industry is committed to reducing its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, demand for aviation fuel is projected to grow globally by 100 million tons over the next ten years,” says Lievonen.
Neste is a global pioneer in renewable air transport solutions, as the Neste Green Hub solution that the company has developed promotes the use of renewable aviation fuel with the aid of airport cooperation. The first example of this is the recently announced cooperation with Geneva Airport, and discussions are also ongoing on ten other cooperation projects.
 
First commercial delivery of bioplastics in 2018
Neste is also developing new business operations from bioplastics, the raw materials for which are the renewable products manufactured by Neste. The bioplastics market is expected to grow by more than 40 percent by 2021. About 80 percent of this growth is expected to come from durable biobased plastics, such as Neste’s bioplastics solution, the demand for which is growing faster than for biodegradable plastics. Neste’s bioplastic solution is easy to use, because the properties of the plastics produced are exactly the same in production, use and recycling.
“Our renewable products have already been used in bioplastics production, and our goal is to make the first commercial delivery in the first half of 2018. We are working closely with our customers and plastic manufacturers, and discussions are underway with ten global brands,” says Lievonen.
By 2020, Neste targets to have 20% of its renewable business sales volume from renewable jet fuel, renewable chemicals and bio-based plastics.
Climate Change Sustainable Aviation
 
Source: Neste Corporation

Neste Collaborates with Geneva Airport

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Joint efforts to offer sustainable solutions for aviation

Geneva, Keilaranta, September 13, 2017: Neste and Genève Aéroport are pioneering together to make flying more sustainable by starting to decarbonize aviation towards fossil neutral growth. Genève Aéroport is planning the introduction of renewable jet fuel for aircraft operations from Geneva International Airport; the target shall be at least 1% of the annual jet fuel consumption at Genève Aéroport shall be composed of renewable jet fuel starting late 2018. This is an excellent example of a state, an airport and a renewable solutions provider collaborating to decrease CO2 emissions in aviation.

“Genève Aéroport is exemplary in sustainability with its ambitious goals to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. We are very excited to collaborate with Genève Aéroport and their airline partners to show the way to the aviation sector. We both share the common view that decreasing COemissions in aviation is crucial in combating climate change. This is an important step for Neste in implementing our growth strategy for renewables in applications outside road traffic fuels. Neste MY Renewable Jet Fuel is Neste’s sustainable solution for reducing COemissions in aviation,” says Kaisa Hietala, Executive Vice President in the Renewable Product business area in Neste.

“As aviation is growing, airports have a crucial role in taking initiatives which aim at reducing environmental impact. Genève Aéroport is particularly pleased to work in this very ambitious project together with Neste, the Swiss authorities, airlines operating from Geneva, and locally established fuel companies,” says André Schneider, CEO of Genève Aéroport.

Aviation is the fastest growing means of transport and thus emissions will grow substantially. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has set a target that from 2020 onwards the growth in aviation is carbon-neutral. Currently, the only viable alternative to fossil liquid fuels for powering commercial aircraft is sustainable renewable jet fuel, which is one the most efficient means of decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. It can be adopted immediately without the need for additional investments in new fuel distribution infrastructure.

For Neste, the development of Neste MY Renewable Jet Fuel (TM) has been a long journey taking several years:  from building proof of concept to ensuring the quality and performance that fully meet the aviation industry’s expectations. Neste’s renewable jet fuel technology and quality is proven in thousands of commercial flights by e.g. Lufthansa and is now ready for commercialization.

sustainable aviation

Neste collaborates with Genève Aéroport to offer sustainable and renewable solutions for aviation

Neste is the world’s leading renewable diesel producer from waste and residues, and with its renewable diesel it has helped to decarbonize traffic by 33 million tons over the past 10 years. This is equivalent to 2 years’ emissions from the Swiss transport sector. Now this expertise and renewable solution is available for aviation.

Source: Neste Corporation

Airbus Sponsored Perlan Mission II Reaches New High Altitude

Perlan - Sustainable Aviation

Searching for world aviation altitude record and new evidence on climate change  

El Calafate, Argentina, August 2, 2017: The Perlan Mission II, an initiative sponsored by Airbus to fly a glider without an engine to the edge of space to collect ground-breaking insights on climate change, weather and high-altitude flight, reached a new high altitude in its second season of flight testing in El Calafate, Argentina. Pilots Jim Payne, Morgan Sandercock, Tim Gardner and Miguel Iturmendi have soared the pressurized Perlan 2 glider in a series of flights reaching a maximum altitude to date of 32,500 feet.

El Calafate, in the Patagonian region of Argentina, is in one of a few places on earth where a combination of mountain winds and the polar vortex create the world’s highest “stratospheric mountain waves” – rising air currents that Perlan pilots believe can eventually carry their experimental aircraft to the edge of space.

Over the next two months, the all-volunteer exploration team sponsored by Airbus will seek for the rare waves in an attempt to break the world gliding altitude record of 50,727 feet, set by Einar Enevoldsen and Steve Fossett in Perlan 1 in 2006. Along the way, the aircraft will continue to collect scientific data on the atmosphere made possible by the Perlan 2 aircraft’s unique attributes.

“Just last month the world witnessed another reminder of the importance of understanding climate change, with the fracture from the Antarctic ice shelf of an iceberg the size of the state of Delaware,” said Perlan Project CEO Ed Warnock. “Airbus Perlan Mission II will allow us to study a range of atmospheric phenomenon that ultimately will give us more accurate models of our upper atmosphere and the climatic changes that matter to every world citizen.”

The engineless design of the Perlan 2 sail plane enables it to collect uncontaminated air samples from a range of altitudes. Unlike a weather balloon, it can be steered, can stay in one area, and can take off and land in the same location.

Besides studying factors influencing climate change, Airbus Perlan Mission II will also provide insights into high altitude turbulence and radiation effects on pilots and aircraft.

“As demand for air travel rises, and we are faced with questions about how to safely and more efficiently transport a growing population, the insights that Airbus Perlan Mission II will be collecting are invaluable,” said Allan McArtor, Chairman of Airbus Americas. “Perlan’s discoveries will help us shape the future of aerospace with innovations related to design and engineering, more efficient air travel and even aviation science related to travel on Mars.”

Perlan - Sustainable Aviation

Airbus sponsored Perlan Mission II has already reached altitudes up to 32,500 ft

Tune in to live flights of the Perlan 2 this summer on the Airbus Perlan Mission II Virtual Cockpit at http://bit.ly/VirtualPerlan2. Stay updated on flight schedules by following The Perlan Project on Twitter @PerlanProject and on Facebook at www.facebook.com/perlanproject.

For more information about Airbus Perlan Mission II, please go to www.perlanproject.org.

Source: Airbus

Climate Change – NASA: June 2017 was Fourth-warmest on Record

IASA e.V. - Climate Change

10 warmest months of June occurred between 2005 and 2017

Washington, July 14, 2017:

June 2017 was the fourth warmest June in 137 years of modern record-keeping, according to a monthly analysis of global temperatures by scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York.

Last month was 0.69 degrees Celsius warmer than the mean June temperature from 1951-1980. It is surpassed by June 2016 (+0.79 °C) and June 2015 and 1998 (+0.78 °C) and only insignificantly warmer than June 2005 (+0.68 °C).

Except for June 1998, the 10 warmest months of June occurred between 2005 and 2017.

The monthly analysis by the GISS team is assembled from publicly available data acquired by about 6,300 meteorological stations around the world, ship- and buoy-based instruments measuring sea surface temperature, and Antarctic research stations.

The modern global temperature record begins around 1880 because previous observations didn’t cover enough of the planet. Monthly analyses are sometimes updated when additional data becomes available, and the results are subject to change.

IASA e.V. - Climate Change

A global map of the June 2017 LOTI (land-ocean temperature index) anomaly, relative to the 1951-1980 June average. Source: NASA

For more information on NASA about Climate Change and GISS’s monthly temperature analysis, please visit: data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp

Source: NASA

MTU: Lower CO2 and Noise Emissions are Key Objectives

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Engine manufacturer publishes fifth sustainability report

Munich, July 4, 2017: From fiscal year 2017 on, large companies are required to publish social and environmental performance reports. A new law to that effect had been adopted by the German parliament in spring. Germany’s leading engine manufacturer started to disclose such information long before the law was passed. Since 2011, it has released annual sustainability reports outlining in detail how responsibly and sustainably the MTU Group goes about its business. Now MTU has published its 2016 Sustainability Report, the fifth of its kind. It combines the reports to the UN Global Compact and to the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI G.4) standards and is the first to cover the activities of all of the MTU Group’s fully consolidated companies.

Lower fuel burn and CO2 and noise emissions are key objectives addressed by the technology of the geared turbofan, which would not have been possible without key components made by MTU. “So quite a significant contribution made by aviation to overcoming the global challenges, such as climate change and scarcity of natural resources, comes from us,” says MTU CEO Reiner Winkler. Meanwhile, orders have been received for over 8,000 PW1000G-family engines, which power the Airbus A320neo and other aircraft.

Sustainability does not only refer to the end products: At MTU, binding social and environmental standards have been integrated along the entire value chain – and this holds true both for its own production and for its cooperation with suppliers. The company has committed itself to promoting human rights, supporting fair working conditions, protecting the environment and fighting against corruption, and it engages in a whole variety of socially responsible activities. It moreover affords its employees opportunities for individual development, its work-life balance offerings allowing them to grow professionally while pursuing family or personal goals.

MTU’s non-financial indicators are assessed and awarded top ratings at regular intervals by rating agencies and independent experts. oekom research, one of the world’s leading rating agencies in the field of sustainable investment, has awarded MTU Prime Status (C+) overall. Since 2014, the company has been listed in the STOXX ESG Leaders family of sustainability indices as a leading company in the environment, social and governance categories.

MTU provides details of its sustainable package of actions on about 100 pages and moreover gives insights into emerging trends of the future, as, for instance, electric flight.
The 2016 Sustainability Report is available for download from MTU Aero Engines’ website: http://www.mtu.de/company/corporate-responsibility/sustainability-reports/

MTU also involves its stakeholders and the general public in its sustainable management and corporate social responsibility efforts and has posted a survey on its website: http://survey.mtu.de/corporate-responsibility/.

Source: MTU

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